Porcine Health Management

Chosen Topics:

Animal Welfare and Nutrition

46 - 60 of 103

LIVER INFLAMMATORY PATHWAYS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH SWINE INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS SYNDROME (SINS) IN PIGLETS

Swine Inflammation and Necrosis Syndrome (SINS) has been hypothesized as a systemic process of inflammation, originating from the gut and liver and involving peripheral organs like tails, ears, coronary bands, soles, heels and claws with inflammation and necrosis. The syndrome can be seen as early as in suckling piglets, even directly after birth. Aim of the present study was to provide associations between inflammation of peripheral organs (SINS) and the pro-inflammatory and inflammatory metabolism of the liver.  
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

PIGGY TALK: PIGS TALK ABOUT THEIR CONDITION

Introduction Future evaluation and support of welfare in livestock needs non-invasive methods that provide a direct and acurate information on the animals‘ condition. Vocal communication among pigs could be one such indicator to determine the status of well-being in individuals and herds. Specific studies are missing, although vocalisation has extensively been used to indicate stress.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

S-KETAMINE AND INTRANASAL APPLICATION: ALTERNATIVES FOR THE CASTRATION OF MALE SUCKLING PIGLETS?

Introduction Intramuscular injection of anaesthetics ketamine and azaperone has been proposed as an alternative for surgical castration of male suckling piglets. However, in conflict with a good surgical tolerance is hypothermia, tachycardia, a prolong castration period, and a long recover phase with disadvantages for piglets and sow. Aims of the present study were to test, whether the application of the ketamine S-enantiomer and intranasal application instead of intramuscular could reduce agitation, defensive movements, stress and the length of recovery in comparison to the usually applied RS-racemate.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

SWINE INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS SYNDROME (SINS)

Tail lesions in pigs can occur in the field without any interactions with other pigs and in combination with inflammation and necrosis of the ears, coronary bands, soles, heels and claws. This joint occurrence of symptoms has led to the introduction of swine inflammation and necrosis syndrome (SINS) as a new syndrome in swine, at the ECPHM congress in Dublin in 2016.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

HEAT STRESS INDUCED CHANGES ON INTESTINAL PERMEABILITY, ENDOTOXIN TRANSLOCATION, AND INFLAMMATORY PARAMETERS IN GROWING PIGS

Heat stress antagonizes livestock production due to increasing temperatures and frequencies of extreme climatic events. During heat stress, the gastrointestinal tract is one of the first organs affected. One of the major concerns is increased intestinal barrier dysfunction and the disruption of gut barrier function, which allows pathogens and immunogenic compounds such as endotoxins to enter the body and blood stream.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

SUPPLEMENTATION OF A CLAY-MINERAL BASED PRODUCT MODULATES THE EFFECTS OF HEAT STRESS ON BODY TEMPERATURE, RESPIRATORY RATE, AND ILEAL ENDOTOXIN PERMEABILITY IN GROWING PIGS

Pigs are quite sensitive to high temperatures and heat stress which can attenuate performance and wellbeing. The gastrointestinal tract is one of the major organs affected by heat stress. The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of heat stress on health parameters and ileal endotoxin permeability, and to assess the ability of a dietary clay-mineral based product to reduce the severity of heat stress challenge.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

CLINICAL EXAMINATIONS OF LACTATING SOWS AND THEIR PIGLETS IN THREE DIFFERENT HOUSING SYSTEMS

Introduction This study deals with the influence of housing systems on the health of lactating sows and their piglets. Therefore, three different farrowing systems were compared: A. conventional farrowing crates (CON) B. free movement pens (FMP) and C. a group-housing system (GRP). Materials & Methods Examinations of the sows occurred at the day of introduction (t1), one week after parturition (t2) and at the last day of lactation period (t3). General condition, vital signs, skin abnormalities and udder health were studied at each point of time, whereas claw lesions were examined at t1 and t3.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

EFFECTS OF SUPPLEMENTING PREPARTUM SOW DIET WITH ORGANIC ACIDS ON NEONATAL PIGLET MORTALITY

The primary goal of the present study was to examine the effect of supplemental organic acids to the late gestation diet on neonatal piglet mortality. An additional goal was to study the effect of the loose-housed farrowing system on neonatal piglet mortality. A total of 60 sows were moved to farrowing units 7 days before the expected parturition date. The sows and their offspring were allocated to a factorial design with two factors, diet [CON (normal sow diet) vs.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

UROLITHIASIS IN FINISHING PIGS IS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPOSITION OF FEED AND DRINKING WATER

A previous study investigated crystalluria and urinary calculi in fattening pigs on fifty farms in Belgium. Microscopic examination revealed struvite as the most common crystal component ( 30% of the urine samples). Macroscopically stones and grit were detected in 7% of the samples. The composition of the stones was frequently mixed but always with involvement of calciumoxalatedihydrate (COD).
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

A CLINICAL APPROACH ON RESOLVING A PROBLEM OF NEW NEONATAL PORCINE DIARRHEA SYNDROME IN A FARROW-TO-FINISH HERD

New neonatal porcine diarrhea syndrome (NNPDS) frequently occurs in pig herds. The exact
pathogenesis remains unknown, but the intestinal tract microbiota of neonatal piglets likely plays
an important role. Management ways to control NNPDS outbreaks have not been widely described
so far.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT IRON SUPPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES ON THE HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AND GROWTH OF PIGLET

Among livestock, piglets are considered the most susceptible species to developing iron deficiency (or anemia). This study investigated the effect of four different iron dosing schemes, which combine intramuscular and oral iron supplementation, on preventing anemia in piglets.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

EFFECT OF DIETARY NUCLEOTIDE SUPPLEMENTATION IN SOWS DURING LACTATION: DEVELOPMENT OF PIGLETS AT WEANING PERIOD

The porcine placenta is epitheliochorial, which is impermeable to different substances such as immunoglobulins or nucleotides. Nursing pigs receive nucleotides from the diet via colostrum and milk. The milk of the sow is the only direct source of nucleotides for piglets. This is the reason whereby the amount of nutrients, such as nucleotides, that are transferred during lactation they are critical to protect newborns from future intestinal disorders and immune function
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

STUDY OF THE USE OF A BACTERIAL XYLANASE TO MODULATE THE MICROBIOTA AND THE GUT HOMEOSTASIS ON PIGLETS SUSCEPTIBLE TO ETEC

Exogenous enzymes favour the release of shorter polymers of the dietary fibre and could promote the development of a beneficial digestive microflora. The bacterial xylanase in weaning pig diet was tested for the impact on the intestinal microbiota and digestive homeostasis. Pigs genetically susceptible to enteropathogen Escherichia coli K88ac(ETEC) were used to not preclude the possibility of highlighting the response to xylanase on post-weaning diarrhoea and dis-microbiosis.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

SKIN LESIONS ON HEAVY PIGS (SLAUGHTERED AT 170 KG) AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH THE PREVALENCE OF HAM DEFECTS

Skin lesions due to fighting before slaughter are a welfare problem with economic losses for producers and abattoirs. The Aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of skin lesions at a slaughterhouse over one year in relation to slaughter season and overnight lairage, determining if they could have an impact on ham defects.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

HERBAL VITAMIN D METABOLITE FACILITATES PARTURITION IN SOWS

Modern pig farming is associated with high piglet mortality. The duration of farrowing is critical and has an impact on survival and subsequent thriving of the piglets. Since tedious labour caused by weak muscle tonus is linked to blood calcium level, it was thought that increasing Ca in the sows´ diet might improve the reproductive performance. However, previous experiments showed that neither Ca-supplementation nor a supplementation with Vitamin D or 25-hydroxyvitamin-D had any effect.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition