Porcine Health Management

466 - 480 of 860

PIGGY TALK: PIGS TALK ABOUT THEIR CONDITION

Introduction Future evaluation and support of welfare in livestock needs non-invasive methods that provide a direct and acurate information on the animals‘ condition. Vocal communication among pigs could be one such indicator to determine the status of well-being in individuals and herds. Specific studies are missing, although vocalisation has extensively been used to indicate stress.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

S-KETAMINE AND INTRANASAL APPLICATION: ALTERNATIVES FOR THE CASTRATION OF MALE SUCKLING PIGLETS?

Introduction Intramuscular injection of anaesthetics ketamine and azaperone has been proposed as an alternative for surgical castration of male suckling piglets. However, in conflict with a good surgical tolerance is hypothermia, tachycardia, a prolong castration period, and a long recover phase with disadvantages for piglets and sow. Aims of the present study were to test, whether the application of the ketamine S-enantiomer and intranasal application instead of intramuscular could reduce agitation, defensive movements, stress and the length of recovery in comparison to the usually applied RS-racemate.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

SWINE INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS SYNDROME (SINS)

Tail lesions in pigs can occur in the field without any interactions with other pigs and in combination with inflammation and necrosis of the ears, coronary bands, soles, heels and claws. This joint occurrence of symptoms has led to the introduction of swine inflammation and necrosis syndrome (SINS) as a new syndrome in swine, at the ECPHM congress in Dublin in 2016.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

HEAT STRESS INDUCED CHANGES ON INTESTINAL PERMEABILITY, ENDOTOXIN TRANSLOCATION, AND INFLAMMATORY PARAMETERS IN GROWING PIGS

Heat stress antagonizes livestock production due to increasing temperatures and frequencies of extreme climatic events. During heat stress, the gastrointestinal tract is one of the first organs affected. One of the major concerns is increased intestinal barrier dysfunction and the disruption of gut barrier function, which allows pathogens and immunogenic compounds such as endotoxins to enter the body and blood stream.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

SUPPLEMENTATION OF A CLAY-MINERAL BASED PRODUCT MODULATES THE EFFECTS OF HEAT STRESS ON BODY TEMPERATURE, RESPIRATORY RATE, AND ILEAL ENDOTOXIN PERMEABILITY IN GROWING PIGS

Pigs are quite sensitive to high temperatures and heat stress which can attenuate performance and wellbeing. The gastrointestinal tract is one of the major organs affected by heat stress. The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of heat stress on health parameters and ileal endotoxin permeability, and to assess the ability of a dietary clay-mineral based product to reduce the severity of heat stress challenge.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

CLINICAL EXAMINATIONS OF LACTATING SOWS AND THEIR PIGLETS IN THREE DIFFERENT HOUSING SYSTEMS

Introduction This study deals with the influence of housing systems on the health of lactating sows and their piglets. Therefore, three different farrowing systems were compared: A. conventional farrowing crates (CON) B. free movement pens (FMP) and C. a group-housing system (GRP). Materials & Methods Examinations of the sows occurred at the day of introduction (t1), one week after parturition (t2) and at the last day of lactation period (t3). General condition, vital signs, skin abnormalities and udder health were studied at each point of time, whereas claw lesions were examined at t1 and t3.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

EFFECTS OF SUPPLEMENTING PREPARTUM SOW DIET WITH ORGANIC ACIDS ON NEONATAL PIGLET MORTALITY

The primary goal of the present study was to examine the effect of supplemental organic acids to the late gestation diet on neonatal piglet mortality. An additional goal was to study the effect of the loose-housed farrowing system on neonatal piglet mortality. A total of 60 sows were moved to farrowing units 7 days before the expected parturition date. The sows and their offspring were allocated to a factorial design with two factors, diet [CON (normal sow diet) vs.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

UROLITHIASIS IN FINISHING PIGS IS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPOSITION OF FEED AND DRINKING WATER

A previous study investigated crystalluria and urinary calculi in fattening pigs on fifty farms in Belgium. Microscopic examination revealed struvite as the most common crystal component ( 30% of the urine samples). Macroscopically stones and grit were detected in 7% of the samples. The composition of the stones was frequently mixed but always with involvement of calciumoxalatedihydrate (COD).
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATIONS IN RELATION TO REPRODUCTIVE STAGE AND PARITY IN SOWS

The iron demands of sows and hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations typically are ignored in pork production. Therefore, this study evaluated Hb concentrations in different parities of sows at various stages of reproduction. <strong>Materials & Methods:</strong>The cross-sectional study included 2685 sows from 11 different farms (2400-4000 sows/farm) in two states (North Carolina and Indiana) in the USA. Approximately 250 blood samples were collected from 10 sows/parity/stage on each farm. Stages were defined as early, mid, and late gestation, and early and late lactation.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Herd Health Management and Economy

PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENTS FOLLOWING PORCILIS® PCV M HYO VACCINATION

Although the efficacy of a new vaccine is thoroughly proven prior to being marketed, follow-up on efficacy after large-scale use in the field is important. The aim of this Danish historical study was to evaluate the effect of Porcilis® PCV M Hyo during the weaning period. Material & Methods Retrospectively, production data like mortality, feed conversion rate (FCR) and average daily gain (ADG) were collected from Danish weaning herds vaccinated with Porcilis® PCV M Hyo. Data from one year prior to initiation of vaccination was compared to data from one year after fully-implemented vaccination.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Herd Health Management and Economy

BIOFILM IN WATER PIPES: EVALUATION METHOD OF ELIMINATION DURING SANITATION PROCEDURE IN POST-WEANING UNIT

Background and Objectives Pickling of water pipes during sanitation to eliminate biofilm is not common in pig production, whereas it is systematic in poultry breeding. FT22, FT37 and ATP are good indicators of biofilm in water pipes. This field study aims to show the interest of: Applying peroxide stabilized by silver nitrate (HYDROCARE®) to eliminate biofilm of water pipes. Using on ATP-metry method to estimate efficiency of the cleaning Material and Methods This comparative study is conducted on 8 French farms, between April and May 2017. Water is sampled at the beginning and at the end of the pipe before cleaning during sanitation in post-weaning unit before cleaning.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Herd Health Management and Economy

EAR NECROSIS IN GROWERS RELATED TO STRAY VOLTAGE? A CASE REPORT

Ear necrosis is a common issue on French farms. Effects on pig performance are usually moderate, still the pathology is stressful for farmers and may raise welfare concerns. Moreover, in some cases large numbers of pigs are affected, with extensive lesions, leading to dramatic consequences. Little is known about etiology and risk factors. This case aims to show the possible implication of stray voltage.    
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Herd Health Management and Economy

ANALYSIS OF THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF LUNG LESIONS THANKS TO THE CEVA LUNG PROGRAM (CLP) AFTER SETTING UP A NEW VACCINE AGAINST ENZOOTIC PNEUMONIA (HYOGEN®)  

Natural infection of growing pigs in farms due to Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae can result in substantial losses in the growth performance. It is possible to evaluate the incidence and severity of those infections by scoring bronchopneumonia lesions in slaughter pigs. Ceva Lung Program (CLP) is an efficient tool to follow the evolution and the prevalence of enzootic pneumonia. Material and methods The aim of the study was to validate the change of the vaccine plan with a new Mycoplasma vaccine, Hyogen® by measuring the consequences in reducing the lung lesions and the potential economic benefit.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Herd Health Management and Economy

EVALUATION OF A NEWLY KIT, MULTIPLEX REAL-TIME RT-PCR METHOD FOR THE DETECTION OF SWINE CORONAVIRUSES (PEDV, TGEV AND SDCOV)

The coronaviruses, porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), and porcine delta coronavirus (PDCoV) are causative agents for gastrointestinal diseases in pigs. All three coronaviruses show similar initial clinical signs, but treatments and remediation may be different for each. Tests specific for each of these can advise the course followed, greatly aiding herd management. The Applied Biosystems™ VetMAX™ PEDV/TGEV/SDCoV Kit is an assay that detects and differentiates the three coronavirus species in a single reaction mix.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Herd Health Management and Economy

EFFECT OF A SEAWEED-CLAY COMBINATION ON THE NEONATAL DIARRHEA IN PIGLETS RAISED IN DIFFERENT MANAGEMENT CONDITIONS

Neonatal diarrhea is one of the most frequent problem in newborn piglets in the world. It can result in high mortality and morbidity if it’s not properly managed. Moreover, neonatal diarrhea leads to an over use of antibiotics. In this context, Olmix developed a new product (Seagut Paste) with 3 synergistic actions: protect the digestive tract via marine algae extract (MSP®MUCIN) and specific clay, balance gut flora and maintain homeostasis. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the capacity of this product to keep good health status of newborn piglets in case of neonatal diarrhea in different field conditions.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Herd Health Management and Economy