Porcine Health Management

Chosen Topics:

Animal Welfare and Nutrition

1 - 15 of 25

IMPROVING WELFARE AND NUTRITION OF WEANED PIGLET BY AMYLOFEED

High intestinal viscosity induced by dietary cereals (wheat/Barley) can increases pathogen flora in the distal GIT associated with enteric diseases. These stressors can alter immune systems reducing health and growing conditions. The objective of study was evaluate the effects of Amylofeed (multienzyme complex) on the animal nutrition and welfare of weaned piglets.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

EFFECT OF ZINC OXIDE SOURCES AND DOSES ON WEANED PIGLETS

Zinc oxide (ZnO) is commonly added in piglets diets, at nutritional dosage (110 mg/kg Zn) to fulfil animal requirements or at pharmacological dosage (2400 mg/kg Zn) to improve growth performance. When ZnO is supplied at high dosage, Zn level in animal wastes may be high and lead to environmental concerns.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

CARDIAC LESIONS AND HEART WEIGHTS OF MARKET PIGS AS RISK FACTORS FOR IN-TRANSIT LOSSES.

Individual pig factors are likely more of a significant cause of in-transit losses than commonly considered risk factors such as elevated temperatures, over-crowding, inappropriate handling, or long transport times. The objective of this study was to determine if pre-existing cardiac pathology predisposes market pigs to death during transit.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

THE EFFECTS OF DIETARY FATTY ACIDS ON PASSIVE IMMUNITY AND PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS IN WEANING PIGLETS

Weaning is one of the most stressful events in a pig’s life; during which they encounter a multitude of intestinal, immunological and social challenges which interfere with gut development and growth performance, previously controlled using growth-promoting antibiotics. However; an EU-wide ban prohibiting their use began in 2006, directing research towards developing safe alternatives.  Studies indicate that fatty acids are efficient immunomodulators and exert a positive effect on animal performance. 
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

EVALUATION OF SOWS’ AND PIGLETS’ PERFORMANCE IN FARROWING PENS WITHOUT FIXATION  

Conventional pens with farrowing crates (FC) restrict lactating sows in various behavior patterns, and its acceptance declines in society. Therefore, alternative systems without any fixation of the sow during lactation -single loose housing pens (LH) and a group-housing system for six lactating sows (GH) - were compared to the FC system with regard to performance data of sows and piglets. Moreover the proportion of cross suckling in the GH system was assessed.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

PRE-WEANING GROUP HOUSING AFFECTS FIGHTING ACTIVITY AND DAILY WEIGHT GAIN OF PIGLETS WHEN MIXED WITH UNFAMILIAR CONSPECIFICS AFTER WEANING

Introduction Pre-weaning group housing for sows and their litters becomes increasingly important in order to enhance sow welfare. However, there is still a lack of knowledge concerning potential benefits for piglets during the post-weaning period. Material & Methods In the present study, weaner pigs were mixed in groups of 10, using littermates (LM) originating from pre-weaning group housing (Gr) and from farrowing pens with crates (Co). The following variations were studied in three replicates:
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

GENETIC EFFECTS ON INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS OF TAILS, EARS, CORONARY BANDS, SOLES AND HEELS (SINS)

Field observations indicate that tail lesions in pigs can occur without any interactions with other pigs and that they are often found in combination with inflammation and necrosis of the ears, coronary bands, soles and heels. Based on this findings, we have introduced swine inflammation and necrosis syndrome as a new syndrome in swine at the ECPHM congress in Dublin in 2016.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

IMPROVEMENT IN QUALITY OF SOWS AND ENVIRONMENT CAN REDUCE PREVALENCE OF INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS OF TAIL, EAR, CORONARY BANDS, SOLES, HEELS AND CLAWS IN PIGLETS, WEANERS AND FATTENERS

Tail lesions in pigs can occur without any interactions with other pigs and in combination with inflammation and necrosis of the ears, coronary bands, soles, heels and claws. Based on this findings, we have introduced swine inflammation and necrosis syndrome as a new syndrome in swine at the ECPHM congress in Dublin in 2016. Low feed fiber content and inadequate water supply are among the most important triggering factors.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

LIVER INFLAMMATORY PATHWAYS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH SWINE INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS SYNDROME (SINS) IN PIGLETS

Swine Inflammation and Necrosis Syndrome (SINS) has been hypothesized as a systemic process of inflammation, originating from the gut and liver and involving peripheral organs like tails, ears, coronary bands, soles, heels and claws with inflammation and necrosis. The syndrome can be seen as early as in suckling piglets, even directly after birth. Aim of the present study was to provide associations between inflammation of peripheral organs (SINS) and the pro-inflammatory and inflammatory metabolism of the liver.  
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

PIGGY TALK: PIGS TALK ABOUT THEIR CONDITION

Introduction Future evaluation and support of welfare in livestock needs non-invasive methods that provide a direct and acurate information on the animals‘ condition. Vocal communication among pigs could be one such indicator to determine the status of well-being in individuals and herds. Specific studies are missing, although vocalisation has extensively been used to indicate stress.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

S-KETAMINE AND INTRANASAL APPLICATION: ALTERNATIVES FOR THE CASTRATION OF MALE SUCKLING PIGLETS?

Introduction Intramuscular injection of anaesthetics ketamine and azaperone has been proposed as an alternative for surgical castration of male suckling piglets. However, in conflict with a good surgical tolerance is hypothermia, tachycardia, a prolong castration period, and a long recover phase with disadvantages for piglets and sow. Aims of the present study were to test, whether the application of the ketamine S-enantiomer and intranasal application instead of intramuscular could reduce agitation, defensive movements, stress and the length of recovery in comparison to the usually applied RS-racemate.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

SWINE INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS SYNDROME (SINS)

Tail lesions in pigs can occur in the field without any interactions with other pigs and in combination with inflammation and necrosis of the ears, coronary bands, soles, heels and claws. This joint occurrence of symptoms has led to the introduction of swine inflammation and necrosis syndrome (SINS) as a new syndrome in swine, at the ECPHM congress in Dublin in 2016.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

HEAT STRESS INDUCED CHANGES ON INTESTINAL PERMEABILITY, ENDOTOXIN TRANSLOCATION, AND INFLAMMATORY PARAMETERS IN GROWING PIGS

Heat stress antagonizes livestock production due to increasing temperatures and frequencies of extreme climatic events. During heat stress, the gastrointestinal tract is one of the first organs affected. One of the major concerns is increased intestinal barrier dysfunction and the disruption of gut barrier function, which allows pathogens and immunogenic compounds such as endotoxins to enter the body and blood stream.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

SUPPLEMENTATION OF A CLAY-MINERAL BASED PRODUCT MODULATES THE EFFECTS OF HEAT STRESS ON BODY TEMPERATURE, RESPIRATORY RATE, AND ILEAL ENDOTOXIN PERMEABILITY IN GROWING PIGS

Pigs are quite sensitive to high temperatures and heat stress which can attenuate performance and wellbeing. The gastrointestinal tract is one of the major organs affected by heat stress. The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of heat stress on health parameters and ileal endotoxin permeability, and to assess the ability of a dietary clay-mineral based product to reduce the severity of heat stress challenge.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition

CLINICAL EXAMINATIONS OF LACTATING SOWS AND THEIR PIGLETS IN THREE DIFFERENT HOUSING SYSTEMS

Introduction This study deals with the influence of housing systems on the health of lactating sows and their piglets. Therefore, three different farrowing systems were compared: A. conventional farrowing crates (CON) B. free movement pens (FMP) and C. a group-housing system (GRP). Materials & Methods Examinations of the sows occurred at the day of introduction (t1), one week after parturition (t2) and at the last day of lactation period (t3). General condition, vital signs, skin abnormalities and udder health were studied at each point of time, whereas claw lesions were examined at t1 and t3.
Type
Abstract
Year
2018
Topic
Animal Welfare and Nutrition